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Dementia, or something else?

Certain medical conditions can cause serious memory problems that look like dementia. These problems should go away once the conditions are treated.

These conditions include:

  • Side effects of certain medicines
  • Emotional problems, such as stress, anxiety, or depression
  • Certain vitamin deficiencies
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Blood clots, tumors, or infections in the brain
  • Delirium (acute change in memory and thinking)
  • Head injuries, such as a concussion from a fall or accident
  • Thyroid, kidney, or liver problems
Older adult woman talking with younger female doctor, doctor looks caring and has her hands on the woman's hands.

A proper diagnosis is important to get the right treatment.

It is best to tell your healthcare team early if you have concerns about your memory or thinking. Early detection of symptoms is important, as some causes can be treated. If the symptoms are related to dementia, planning ahead and preparing ensures you are the one planning your future and determining what the best course of care for you looks like.